The recent elections in Mexico marked an epoch: the two main presidential candidates were women and, therefore, was certain that the president of Mexico would be, for the first time after 200 years of history, a “woman”. Citizens of the world's tenth most populous state have been awarded Claudia Sheinbaum Pardoenvironmental engineer, scientist and researcher.

Sheinbaum presented a very strong program, in which the biggest challenge will be to fight against organized crime, which is very powerful on a social level. Furthermore, with its strong background, promised to seriously tackle environmental problems, thereby opening new prospects for the country's economy. Finally, another issue that is close to her heart is that of violence against women, which requires effective measures. In this direction, new chief he has undertaken a courageous path, in a nation where the “macho” culture is still strongand where opting for politics carries risks.

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A complex type of society that requires courageous choices

The country being a federation of states, in addition to the Mexican president and the main political figures, there are also local representatives. They operate within individual states and are often exposed to serious danger. Actually, Mexico's biggest problem is drug trafficking cartels, which attempt to exploit local elections to expand their power.fighting between rival gangs.

In this country, when one opts for a political career, it is impossible to do so lightly. In more than one case, candidates for local elections paid with their lives. SO, the two women who ran for president embodied a double challenge: that towards a society traditionally guided by male figures and that against violence.

Who is the first female president of Mexico and the challenges that await her

The new president of Mexico, Claudia Sheinbaum is an already familiar face in national politics: former mayor of Mexico City, he demonstrated on the ground that he had what it took to govern the country. Its political history is linked to the figure of the outgoing President Andres Lopez Obrador, whom she considers a mentor. Both are part of the party Morena (Movimiento Regeneración Nacional)progressive and populist in orientation. Sheinbaum managed to win, with a large advantage, over Xóchitl Gálvez, his main challenger, although the latter was supported by a large coalition.

Among the first challenges that the new president will have to face is the difficult economic situation in Mexico. If it is true, in fact, that his predecessor managed to reduce the number of poor citizens (in total, more than 5 million fewer people)the country's economy still needs a boost, as the Center for Strategic and International Studies has clearly pointed out.

The possible ecological turn of the new president of Mexico

An element that differentiates Claudia Sheinbaum from her predecessor is the attention she pays to the theme of ecology. In terms of training, the president of Mexico is actually a scientist specializing in energy engineering: it is therefore likely that he wants to direct the country towards the production of renewable energy, where the previous chief he was more traditionalist.

What is certain is that the ascension of a female figure to the presidency constitutes the turning point in a journey that has lasted decades, starting in 1953, when women obtained the right to vote and to exercise public functions. “I don’t come alone, we all come” Sheinbaum said in his speech after the victory: a way to ensure that all the women who supported her, and who today feel more important, feel involved in the change.

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